Neurologists at HMC in Sugar Land & Houston


Hazem Machkhas M.D.
(713) 781-4600

What is Neurology?

Merriam-Webster defines neurology as “a branch of medicine concerned especially with the structure, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.”

Brain ScanWhat a Neurologist Does

A neurologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of issues associated with the nervous system including muscle movement, balance, reflexes, and cognitive abilities such as speech, memory, and language.  Neurologists commonly see patients with Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s, or multiple sclerosis and may become these patients primary care physician because of the nature of their disorders.  Neurologists often work alongside other physicians, offering advice on the nervous system and its affects on other conditions or treatments.

A neurological exam is often a series of vision, strength, coordination, reflex, and sensation tests.  Neurologists are also trained in how to perform diagnostic tests such as CAT/CT scans, MRIs, spinal taps, and EEGs if required to diagnose a problem.

Education Requirements for Neurologists

As with all specialties, neurologists must first earn an M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) or D.O. (Doctor of Osteopathy) degree from a medical school and complete the United States Medical Licensing Examination.  After this, physicians must complete a one-year internship, usually specialized in neurology.  When this year has been completed, the physician must take another part of the USMLE to be able to legally practice medicine unsupervised.  The next step is to begin a residency in neurology, practicing under the guidance of experience neurologists.  Once the residency is complete, neurologists can become certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.

Many neurologists choose to continue their education by completing sub-specialty training in a field such as brain injury, epilepsy, neurodevelopmental disorders, or pain disorders.